In 1953, a Chinese-medium university, Nanyang University, was incorporated
as a company under the Companies Ordinance No 49 of 1940, with popular support
for the University coming from the rich and poor alike. Nanyang University
began to function in 1956 on a 500-acre site in Jurong donated by a clan
association, the Hokkien Huay Kuan. The Nanyang University Ordinance passed in
March 1959 gave statuory basis to the University as an educational institution,
subsequent development and reorganization leading to the full recognition of its
degrees by the Government of Singapore in 1968.
Common Admissions/Joint Campus
In 1974, a common admissions board was established by the University of
Singapore and Nanyang University to streamline the admission of students to
first degree courses at the two Universities. To assist Nanyang University in
its objective of becoming an English-medium institution and to promote closer
ties between the two Universities, a Joint Campus was set up in July 1978 at
the former main campus of the University of Singapore at Bukit Timah. Under the
Joint Campus scheme, students of Arts, Social Sciences, Science, Accountancy
and Business Administration of the two Universities studied the same courses
taught by the same teachers and were examined by the same internal and external
examiners. A Joint Senate, with Senate members of both Universities, dealt with
academic details of Joint Campus courses.
Inauguration of the National University of Singapore
The question of whether Singapore should have one or two universities arose
soon after, the discussion gradually gathering momentum. The Singapore
Government invited Sir Frederick Dainton, Chancellor of Sheffield University,
to Singapore in October 1979 to probe the question and the Dainton Report,
submitted in December, recommended that Singapore should have a single, strong
university at Kent Ridge. After much public debate, the Government's decision
in April 1980 to merge the University of Singapore and Nanyang University to
form the National University of Singapore (NUS) was
received with overwhelming
support. NUS began operationally on 7 July 1980 but formally came into existence
on 8 August, the eve of National Day.
Nanyang University and Nanyang Technological University are two different universities.
The latter is the successor of
the Nanyang Institute of Technology which was established on the old campus of
Nanyang University in around 1981, shortly after Nanayang University was merged with the
University of Singapore to form the National University of Singapore.
In around 1991, the Nanyang Institute of Technology was upgraded and renamed as
Nanyang Technological University.